Rhodesia was an important province in the history of aquatic sports in southern Africa. From 1953 - 1963 it included Zambia (Northern Rhodesia) and Malawi as part of its territory, then known as the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Swimmers from all of those places competed in the annual South African national aquatic championships. There were numerous swimming pools as well as other locations where history was made.
Rhodesian and Zimbabwean schools can be either state or private, and many private schools are also religious schools. By 2019 there are over 1000 private schools in the country - operated by religious groups, private companies, farms, mines and other groups. Some are expensive, elite schools, with world class facilities, often located in remote areas.
The history of schools and their swimming pools is a key element to the history of aquatic sports. These are grassroots sports, where elite competitors have to start training at a young age - in primary school.
See the map for the location of the swimming pools and other locations. Most of the minerals are found along the Great Dyke, on the central plateau, which is also where most of the towns are located. The road from Cape Town to Cairo ran via Kimberley in the northern Cape, to Bulawayo, north west to Victoria Falls and Lusaka in Zambia. Beyond that lay the copper mining towns of Norethern Rhodesia - Ndola, Kitwe, Luanshaya and Chingola, which all had swimming clubs.
Swimming, diving, water polo and to some extent, synchronised swimming, were all poplar sports in Rhodesian schools. Since 1937 boys competed for the Crusaders Shield inter-schools water polo trophy, while the girls compete for the Players Trophy.
Rhodesia sent two boxers to the Olympic Games in 1928 and athletes in 1960 and 1964. During the interim years many Rhodesians represented South Africa.
In 1960 Natalie Steward of South Africa and later Rhodesia, swam for Great Britian and won a silver medal in the 100m backstroke.
The 1964 team included three were divers and two swimmers, of which four were women and one man.
In 1964 Northern Rhodesia sent it's own team. The country changed name to Zambia during the Games.
After declaring its independence form Great Britian in 1965, Rhodesia was banned from the Olympics, until it again sent at team - as Zimbabwe - in 1980. Kirsty Coventry was to become Zimbabwe's most famous swimmer - winning two Olympic gold medals.
Mozambiçue and Angolan swimming pools