This section is dedicated to the swimmers who became legends - or just well known characters - of South African swimming. The few who achieved international fame are listed in the previous sections.
Since the first swimmers took up scholarships to swim in Oklahoma in 1952, every Springbok swimmer could probably have won a scholarship to an American university. Many did go and became Exiles, never to return and compete locally again, and many more continue to do so every year.
Some went but later returned - Kevin Richards , Karen van Helden, Gerhard van der Walt, Craig Jackson, Marianne Kriel and others.
Note that this is a fairly random list - based partly on what material is available for an article. There are many more swimmers who will be included here as materials are located.
See the articles for other sports for local heroes in those disciplines.
Henry Charteris Hooper is reputedly the first person to swim from across Table Bay from Robben Island to Cape Town. He accomplished this feat for a bet in September 1909, and which was not repeated until 1926, despite many failed attempts.
Read more about the Robben island swim here.
Ben Jenkins was a Tranvaaler who dominated South African swimming between 1906-1908, until overtaken by George Godfrey. He won the 100, 200 and 500 yards Championship events in those years.
Aubrey Nunn competed in the South African swimming championships from 1921 until 1935, when he was still playing water polo for northern Transvaal. In 1923 he made a clean sweep of the freestyle events - winning all three in new South African record times. He was later a member of the Northern Transvaal ASA and SAASU management.
The most famous local heroes were Champions Karen Muir and Ann Fairlie - both local schoolgirls who completely dominated women's backstroke internationally during the late 1960's - without ever being allowed to compete at an Olympic Games or an official Test match.
For 30 years South Africans - and Rhodesians - (South West Africa was always treated as province of South Africa) were banned from international competition. During that time SAASU continued to host an annual national championships, where the Rhodesians competed as a province.
After the annual South African Championships from 1971 - 1980, the two countries held an annual "Test" - where South Africans were able to win the coveted Springbok colours for competing "Internationally".
A number of competitors moved for the USA after winning Springbok colours or national title. There they continued to compete, at a much higher level, for four years while at university. People like Penny Heyns, Jonty Skinner and Peter Williams set world records while at American universities. Sometimes these self-imposed exiles returned to compete at nationals, usually with complete domination of their events against the local favourites. Heyns and Williams returned - Skinner became a US Olympic coach.
Mostly the Exiles did not return however, and were lost to the sports in South South Africa. Tich McLachlan and Aubrey Burer were both multiple South African champions who swam at the 1960 Olympic Games, and attended American universities - never to return. Some - like Annette Cowley and Gary Brinkman tried to get accepted onto teams of other countries without success, largely due to politics. Karen van Helden - who broke Karen Muir's South African records, came back after a brief stay overseas, for a serious career as to study medicine.
This trend created a vacuum which created opportunities for those remained behind to become local heroes.
Brain was a South African champion backstroker from Pretoria. He was a member of the victorious Springbok swim team that won 9 out of 11 medals at the British national championships in 1964.
Geoff Grylls won his Springbok colours against the touring Japanese team in 1962, but he an international swimmer of note in 1964 when he won the 220, 440 and 1650 yards freestyle events at the British ASA nationals.
Paul Blackbeard was described as the doyen South African swimming. He dominated swimming - as well as life saving - from the late 1960's to the the 1980's - right over the period of time that South Africans were barred from international competition. No longer based in South Africa, he continues to compete and is an international star in aquatic sports.
The Natal springbok breaststroke swimmer won the 100 and 200 events at nationals in 1977. In 2018 Gail had swum 39 consecutive editions of the Midmar Mile, and was also a multiple World Masters Swimming Champion. With her brother David Mc Carney - butterfly swimmer, triathlete and Comrades Marathon runner.
The sports boycott deprived the world of the what this swimmer might have achieved. One might say that Karen van Helden was the successor to Karen Muir. Both swam backstroke, both also became doctors - and Karen van Helden broke the records that Karen Muir set as world records. Physically they were quite different - the younger Karen had a much smaller physique - but both had the same type of attitude - they refused to be beaten in any race - ever.
Springbok swimmer and lifesaver Annette Cowley attended Settlers High in Bellville, and swam with coach Tom Fraenkel in Constantia. She won 6 titles at nationals in 1983 and 1984, before going overseas on a swimming scholarship.
In 1986 she won both 100m and 200m events at the British ASA nationals and was selected for the GB team to compete at the Glasgow Commonwealth Games. Her selection resulted in a political storm and her being kicked off the British team. She made a come-back in 1992, narrowly missing selection to the Barcelona Olympic Games for South Africa.
Kevin won the 400 freestyle and 200 IM at the 1984 South African swimming championships in 1984, beating Graham Hill in the medley. He won SA Schools colours for water polo and he competed for South Africa at the World Triathlon Championships in 1992. His father is Mally Richards - both true local heroes of South African swimming.
Graham Hill the swimmer - and Graham Hill the coach - both are legrnds in South Arican swimming. He won six individual titles at the 1983 South African swimming championships, and later became a coach, taking over the squad of his mother coach Doreen Hill, and producing Olympians that include Terence Parkin and Chad le Clos.
Mozambiçue and Angolan swimming pools