Disabled swimming is part of the sport of competitive swimming. The Paralympics are hosted in the Olympic venue following the conclusion of the Olympic Games. These Games build on a tradition started at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital in England, for soldiers with spinal injuries. The first Stoke Mandeville Games, and from 1960 it was called the Paralympics, and open to non-soldiers as well. The Games were initially open only to athletes in wheelchairs; at the 1976 Summer Games, athletes with different disabilities were included for the first time at a Summer Paralympics.
An unnamed Rhodesia participated in the 1951 event, and a similarly anonymous South African in 1953, when swimming was also added to the list of sports. In 1955 South Africa sent a team and in 1956 won its first gold medal when Neville Cohen won the breaststroke final.
South African swimmers competed in the Paralympic Games since they were first staged in 1960, and continued until 1976. Rhodesian athletes competed in South Africa and at the Paralympics until they were also excluded in 1972.
Unfortunately little is known of the early Disabled Swimming Champions - like Rhodesian Leslie Manson-Bishop, who won 6 gold medals at the Paralympic Games, and Riana van der Schyff - with three Paralympic gold medals and a number of world records to her name. Numerous world records were set by disabled swimmers from South Africa, like Hester du Preez, at the 1978 South African Games in Bloemfontein.
In 1972 Willie Bosch won the gold at the Paralympic Games and set a new world record
Disabled swimmer Natalie du Toit made history when she competed against able-bodied swimmers in the Olympic 10km open water marathon event at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.
At the age of 19, he was involved in a motor accident while travelling with friends to the Kruger National Park. As a result of this accident, he sustained a spinal cord injury and became a paraplegic. In 1956 he won the first gold medal for a South African in the Stoke Mandeville Games, when he won the breastroke event.
Scott went on to hold 13 world records in a sporting career spanning 22 years. At age 15 he became the youngest World Record Holder in Paralympic history when he smashed the 50 metre breast stroke record at the 1968 Paralympics in Tel Aviv.
Grey High school pupil Kevin Paul was the poster boy for paralympic swimming when he won a gold medal at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. He won silver at the 2012 London Olympic Games and gold again in Rio de Janeiro in 2016.
Ebert competed at three Paralympics winning three gold medals and one silver. His first games were in 1996 where he won the 50m freestyle in a new games record. He then finished second in the 100m freestyle behind Canadian Walter Wu, who set a new games record. He finished fifth in the 400m freestyle, fifth in the 100m butterfly and was disqualified in the breaststroke.
In the 2000 and 2004 he competed in the 50m and 100m freestyle and the 100m butterfly. At the 2000 games he defended his 50m freestyle title in a new world record time and added the 100m freestyle and finished sixth in the 100m butterfly. At the 2004 games he could only manage seventh in the 50m freestyle and eighth in the 100m freestyle as well as missing out on the final of the 100m butterfly. Ebert swam with the Mandeville Dolfins SC.
3 x South African Paralympic swimmer - Paralympic gold and bronze medalist, journalist and speaker. Shireen Sapiro was born on 25 January 1991 in Krugersdorp. She is a paralympics swimmer, most notable for her performance at the 2008 Summer Paralympics, winning a gold medal for the 100 m backstroke.
Mozambiçue and Angolan swimming pools