In the first period South African swimmers won a relay medal in 1928, Jenny Maakal won bronze in the 1932 Olympic Games, and Joan Harrison won gold at the 1956 Olympic Games.
In what was to become a feature of the South African sporting scene, emigrant swimmer Natalie Steward of Pretoria set a world record and won two Olympic medals for Great Britain, by way of Rhodesia.
South Africa participated in the Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1930 until it withdrew form the British Commonwealth after becoming a republic in 1961. It rejoined in June 1994. Oonagh Whitsitt of Natal became the only South African diver to win an international medal when she won gold at the 1930 Empire Games.
2018 double gold winner Tatjana Schoenmaker (right) moved to Pretoria enrolling at the TuksSport High School, swimming with coach Rocco Meiring.
Since the first Paralympic Games in Rome in 1960, swimming has been one of the main sports of the Paralympics. South African and Rhodesian disabled swimers have set numerous world records.
Natalie du Toit is South Africa's superstar of the Paralympic Games, but a number of other swimmers have also international success.